Pembroke History Timeline

If you wish to look up a specific period in Pembroke's History click here to go to the index of Page Headings.

Otherwise, scroll down the Timeline of History where you will find Pembroke's history set against national events. Click on the links (in the right hand column) to discover more.

10-4000 BCE

Middle Stone Age

Cave Dwellers in Wogan & Catshole

4000-2500 BCE

New Stone Age

 

Cromlech, Angle

Evidence of cromlechs

2500-800 BCE

Bronze Age

Stonehenge

Evidence of settlements, burial barrows & standing stones.

 

800 BCE-

43 ACE

Iron Age

Celts

 

Evidence of Iron Age forts

43 ACE

Roman Invasion of Britain

No evidence of Roman occupation but Roman coins found in the Castle

 

446 ACE

Roman rule ends

Age of Saints

Early Christian sites at

St Deiniol's & Monkton

 

'Dark Ages'

Saxon/ Viking Invaders

 

Viking Settlements

877 Hubba in Miford Haven

1066

Norman

Invasion

William I

'The Conqueror'

Rhys ap Tewdr holds the Normans at bay

1087

William II

1093 Rhys killed and Arnulph de Montgomery establishes Pembroke Castle

1068-1135

Henry I

1100 Nest marries Gerald

1130 Henry grants Pembroke's first charter

1135

Stephen v Matilda

Civil War in England

1138 Earldom of Pembroke created -

Gilbert de Clare created first Earl

Gruffudd ap Rhys leads Welsh insurgence

1136 Gwenllian killed in battle

1154

 

 

1170

Henry II

 

 

Murder of Thomas Becket

1154 Henry II grants Pembroke new charter

 

The Lord Rhys received by Henry at Pembroke

1170

Conquest of Ireland

Pembroke's dynasty the Geraldines lead the Invasion

1171 Henry at Pembroke Castle

1176 death of Strongbow;

infant heiress Isabel made a royal ward

1189

King Richard I

('The Lionheart')

William Marshall acting Regent for Richard

1199 Marshall marries Isabel and becomes Earl of Pembroke

1199

 

 

1215

King John I

 

 

Magna Carta

1199 King John grants new charter to Pembroke

1200 Pembroke Castle enlarged and donjon added

1210 King John in Pembroke (hence Kingsbridge)

1216

 

Henry III

 

 

1219 Death of William Marshall - succeeded by son William Marshall II

 

1245 Joan who inherits earldom and marries William de Valence

1264

Simon de Montfort- forces Henry to summon parliament

Welsh War under Llewellyn the Great -Pembroke threatened - buys off Llewellyn

1272

1283

 

 

1305

Edward I

Llewellyn murdered - end of the Welsh Wars

William Wallace executed

1282-3 - De Valence commands the King's army in West Wales

 

1296 Death of Willam Marshall II - Joan administers Earldom until her death

1307

1314

 

 

 

1327

Edward II

Robert the Bruce

defeats the English in Scotland

Edward mudered

1307 Aymer de Valence becomes Earl of Pembroke

1314 Aymer commands English forces in Scotland - defeated at Bannockburn

1327

1346

 

 

1348

Edward III

Battle of Crecy -

Hundred Years War

The Black Death

battle of Crecy

1339 Lawrence Hastings becomes Earl

1347 French fleet captured at Calais

1349 Plague strikes Pembroke

1368 John Hastings inherits Earldom

1377

 

1381

 

1399

Richard II

 

Peasants' Revolt

Richard II murdered in Pontefract Castle

 

 

1389(?)-John Hastings killed

King claims Pembroke ending the title Earl of Pembroke

1399

 

 

1400

Henry IV

(a.k.a. Henry Bolingbroke)

Owen Glyndwr's Revolt

 

1405 Pembroke on alert as French invade

1413

1415

 

1422

Henry V

Battle of Agincourt

Henry dies leaving infant son

Battle of Agincourt 1415  

1422

1452

 

1461

 

Henry VI

The Wars of the Roses

Henry deposed - Yorkist Edward proclaimed King

Queen Catherine marries Owen Tudor

1454 Jaspar Tudor made Earl of Pembroke

1457 birth of Henry Tudor

1461

1470

 

1471

Edward IV

Henry VI restored to the throne

Battle of Tewkesbury - Edward IV triumphant

Henry murdered.

Battle of Tewkesbury 1471

1461 Earldom granted to William Herbert

1470 Jasper and Henry return to Pembroke

1471 Jasper and Henry escape to France - Henry becomes the Lancastrian heir after Prince Edward's death

1483

 

 

1485

Richard III

seizes power & puts Princes in the Tower

Battle of Bosworth

Battle of Bosworth 1485

1485 Richard grants Pembroke new charter instituting a mayor and corporation

1485 Henry Tudor returns with an army landing at Dale, Pembrokeshire

1485

Henry VII

The Tudor Age

Henry VII

1485 The Ealdom of Pembroke again granted to Jasper

Henry Tudor, later Henry VIII, inherits Earldom on Jasper's death

1509

1536

 

1536

Henry VIII

Act of Union of England & Wales

Dissolution of the monasteries

1532 Anne Boleyn made Marquess of Pembroke (executed 1536)

Earldom of Pembroke abolished

Monkton Priory dissolved

1543

2nd Act of Union

 

Haverfordwest granted county status & effectively becomes County Town

Loss of of Pembroke's privileged position meant years of decline during Tudor times

1558 Elizabeth I George Owen Map  

1603

James I

The Stuart Dynasty leads to the formation of the United Kingdom

James grants a new Charter to Pembroke

James sells Pembroke Castle to the Pryses of Gogerddan

1625

1642

1646

Charles I

Civil War

End of First Civil War

 

Pembroke, led by its Mayor John Poyer, declares for Parliament

1645 Poyer Governor of Pembroke Castle

1648

 

 

1649

Second Civil War

 

 

Execution of Charles I

1648 Poyer delivers first shots of Second Civil War

Cromwell supervises the siege of Pembroke

Execution of Poyer

 

1649

1653

The Interregnum

Cromwell becomes Lord Protector

Cromwell orders destruction of Pembroke castle

1660

 

 

Charles II and

The Restoration of the Monarchy

Pembroke never again plays a prominent part in national affairs

During the peace which follows Pembroke

gradually benefits from the growth in trade

 

1700

 

 

 

 

1797

Eighteenth Century

 

 

 

'The Last Invasion'

Orielton House, Chain Back, Main Street

Daniel Defoe visits Pembroke "A prosperous port .."

Owens of Orielton and 1710 Election

John Wesley preaches at Pembroke

Escape of the French from Golden Prison

1800

 

 

1834

1837

Nineteenth Century

 

New Poor Law

Queen Victoria crowned

Pembroke-Tenby Railway

1814 Founding of Pembroke Dock

1829 Turner paints Pembroke Castle

1839 Pembroke Union Workhouse built

1863 Pembroke & Tenby Railway Act

 

1900

Modern Times

End of the port - The Kathleen & May last ship to visit in 1952

1954 Pembroke Mill burns down

Post war expansion

The Pembroke Conservation Area 1977

Index to Pages

First Inhabitants

Celts - Romans

Dark Ages

Norman Conquest

The Earldom of Pembroke

Medieval Pembroke

Wars of the Roses and Tudor Ascendency

Stuart Period & Civil War

18th / 19th Century

Victorian / Early 20th Century

20th Century

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